Intact parathyroid hormone measurement at 24 hours after thyroid surgery as predictor of parathyroid function at long term

María Teresa Julián, Jose María Balibrea, María Luisa Granada, Pau Moreno, Antonio Alastrué, Manel Puig-Domingo, Anna Lucas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background There is no consensus about the usefulness of postoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) determination to predict permanent hypoparathyroidism (pHPP). We evaluated the value of calcium (Ca2+) and iPTH concentration at 24 hours after total thyroidectomy (TT) for predicting pHPP. Methods Ca2+ and iPTH levels from 70 consecutive patients who underwent TT were measured at 24 hours and 6 months after TT. Results Five patients (7.1%) developed pHPP. An iPTH concentration ≤5.8 pg/mL at 24 hours after TT identified patients at risk for pHPP (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 81.5%), but it was not accurate enough to predict its development (positive predictive value, 30%). Conversely, an iPTH level >5.8 pg/mL predicted normal parathyroid function at 6 months (negative predictive value, 100%). Compared with iPTH, a postoperative Ca2+ level ≤1.95 mmol/L was 60% sensitive and 78.5% specific to predict pHPP. Conclusions An iPTH concentration >5.8 pg/mL on the first postoperative day rules out pHPP with much better diagnostic accuracy than Ca2+. Postoperative iPTH could be helpful in identifying patients at risk for developing pHPP. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-789
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume206
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Permanent hypoparathyroidism
  • Postoperative hypocalcemia
  • Total thyroidectomy

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