© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Trimethylsilyl chloride is an efficient activating agent for azines in isocyanide-based reactions, which then proceed through a key insertion of the isocyanide into a N−Si bond. The reaction is initiated by N activation of the azine, followed by nucleophilic attack of an isocyanide in a Reissert-type process. Finally, a second equivalent of the same or a different isocyanide inserts into the N−Si bond leading to the final adduct. The use of distinct nucleophiles leads to a variety of α-substituted dihydroazines after a selective cascade process. Based on computational studies, a mechanistic hypothesis for the course of these reactions was proposed. The resulting products exhibit significant activity against Trypanosoma brucei and T. cruzi, featuring favorable drug-like properties and safety profiles.
- multicomponent reactions