Inhibition of human calcineurin and yeast calcineurin-dependent gene expression by Jasminum humile leaf and root extracts

Thomas A.K. Prescott, Joaquín Ariño, Geoffrey C. Kite, Monique S.J. Simmonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: The leaves of Jasminum humile are used to treat skin disorders in a way which resembles the use of modern topical anti-inflammatory drugs. Ethanolic extracts of the roots and leaves were shown to inhibit calcineurin which is a regulator of inflammatory gene expression. Materials and methods: A novel yeast calcineurin reporter gene assay suitable for a 96 well plate format was developed to test for inhibition of calcineurin-dependent gene expression. Calmodulin/calcineurin phosphatase assays were then used to further elucidate the mode of action of the extracts. Results and conclusions: Jasminum humile root and leaf extract exhibited calcineurin inhibition activity that was shown to be mediated through a direct interaction with calcineurin enzyme. The activity is sufficient to block calcineurin-dependent gene expression in a yeast model. The activity of the plant supports its traditional use in the treatment of inflammatory skin disorders. The specially adapted yeast reporter assay was found to be a highly effective way of detecting calcineurin inhibitors in plant extracts. Crown Copyright © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-297
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Volume140
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Calcineurin
  • Gene expression
  • Jasminum humile
  • Yeast assay

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