The effect of stress on serum corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) was studied in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. CBG was measured either by a homologous radioimmunoassay (RIA) or by a binding assay (BA) using 3H-corticosterone. Exposure of adult male rats to a severe stressor such as immobilization (IMO) for 1 h did not alter serum CBG levels, but a significant decrease was found after 6 and especially 24 h IMO. This decrease was not observed after 24 h exposure to a milder treatment such as food and water deprivation. The effect of different periods of exposure to two stressors, IMO or restraint, was also studied. The following results were obtained: serum CBG levels were reduced by IMO, but not by restraint; IMO-induced reduction of CBG levels was always observed 24 h after starting exposure to IMO, independently of the actual period of exposure to the stressor; and IMO-induced inhibition of CBG was proportional to the hours of exposure to the stressor. Although IMO-induced inhibition of CBG was prevented by adrenalectomy, a role for glucocorticoid acting through their classical type II receptors is unclear as far as treatment of rats with the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist RU486 (100 mg/kg) did not prevent the inhibition caused by IMO. The present data clearly indicate that acute exposure to a stressor is able to decrease CBG levels provided that duration of exposure to the stressor and its intensity are high and that the effect is tested at least 6 h after the onset of stress. The effect appears to be mediated by some adrenal factor(s) other than glucocorticoids.
|Publication status||Published - 17 Jun 1997|
- Corticosteroid-binding globulin
- Pituitary-adrenal hormones