Inhibition by anti‐sperm monoclonal antibodies of the penetration of zona‐free hamster oocytes by human spermatozoa

V. GARCÍA‐FRAMIS, R. MARTORELL, C. MARQUEZ, J. BENET, P. ANDOLZ, P. MARTINEZ

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Abstract

Fourteen mAb specific for human sperm membrane antigens were selected to investigate their inhibitory effect on fertilization. The antigens were not expressed in other human somatic tissues but were present in sperm from other species. The antibodies were purified from ascites fluid produced in mice. The zona‐free hamster egg penetration assay was used for the evaluation of the blocking ability of these antibodies. The inhibition rate was generally related to a decrease in the number of adherent sperm. Three groups of antibodies were distinguished: (i) four mAb that have high inhibition at concentration; (ii) four mAb with an intermediate inhibitory effect, that is more dependent on the antibody concentration tested; and (iii) six mAb with little or no effect at any concentration. The presence of antibodies leads to a lower penetration index, or number of penetrating sperm per oocyte. MAb specific for head antigens promote high inhibition of fertilization; these antibodies show a patchy staining on the sperm head. The antibodies localized in the midpiece have an intermediate inhibitory effect. No inhibition is detected with the equatorial region binding pattern. Sperm agglutination does not play any role in the inhibition caused by the antibodies described here. Copyright © 1994, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994

Keywords

  • fertilization
  • human sperm monoclonal antibody
  • zona‐free hamster egg

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