Influence of various acute stressors on the activity of adult male rats in a holeboard and in the forced swim test

A. Armario, M. Gil, J. Marti, O. Pol, J. Balasch

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96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of various acute stressors on the activity of adult male rats in a holeboard and in the forced swim test were studied. When tested immediately or 24 h after 1 h exposure to noise, restraint in tubes or tail shock, no changes in either defecation rate or activity in the holeboard were observed. In contrast, immediately after 1 h immobilization in wood-boards, a reduction of the number of areas crossed and the number of head-dips was found. The inhibitory effect of immobilization on head-dips persisted 24 h later. The behavior of the rats in the forced swim test was classified into three categories: struggling, mild swim and immobility. The changes in the behavior were critically dependent on the type of stressor, and more specifically on its intensity, that was evaluated with three different physiological parameters (serum prolactin, corticosterone and glucose levels). Thus, if tested immediately after stress, noise did not alter the response of the rats, restraint in tubes and tail shock-reduced immobility, and the latter stressor increased mild swim. In the second experiment, immobilization in wood-boards reduced struggling. Twenty-four hours after stress, noise, restraint in tubes or tail shock were without effect, but immobilized rats showed increased immobility and reduced mild swim activity. The present data clearly indicate that behavior of rats in a holeboard and in a forced swim situation are not related, and that acute stress could have a differential effect on the various categories of behavior in a forced swim situation. © 1991.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-377
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991

Keywords

  • Acute stress
  • Corticosterone
  • Forced swim test
  • Glucose
  • Holeboard
  • Immobilization
  • Noise
  • Prolactin
  • Restraint
  • Tail shock

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