Influence of transgenic metallothionein-1 on gliosis, ca1 neuronal loss, and brain metal levels of the tg2576 mouse model of alzheimer’s disease

Gemma Comes, Yasmina Manso, Anna Escrig, Olaya Fernandez-Gayol, Paula Sanchis, Amalia Molinero, Mercedes Giralt, Javier Carrasco, Juan Hidalgo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Tg2576 mice (APP), has provided valuable information, such as the role of the metallothionein (MT) family in their behavioral and amyloidosis phenotypes. In this study, we further characterize the role of MT-1 by crossing Mt1-overexpressing mice with Tg2576 mice (APPTgMT). In 14-month-old mice, MT-1(/2) protein levels were dramatically increased by Mt1 overexpression throughout the cortex (Cx), which showed a prominent caudal-rostral gradient, and the hippocampus (HC). There was a trend for MT-1(/2) immunostaining to be increased in the areas surrounding the amyloid plaques in control male mice but not in Mt1-overexpressing mice. Gliosis was elicited by the amyloid plaques, but the effects of Mt1 overexpression were modest. However, in hippocampal western blots the microglial marker Iba-1 was increased in old male APPTgMT mice compared to APP-wild type (APPWT) mice, and the opposite was observed in young mice. Hippocampal CA1 neuronal loss was observed in Tg2576 mice, but was unaffected by Mt1 overexpression. Aging increased Zn and Cu levels differently depending on brain area, sex, and genotype. Thus, the effects of Mt1 overexpression on the phenotype of Tg2576 mice here studied are modest.
Original languageEnglish
Article number251
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyloid plaques
  • CA1 neuronal loss
  • Gliosis
  • Metallothionein-1
  • Metals
  • Tg2576

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