Influence of the extent of coronary atherosclerotic disease on ST-segment changes induced by ST elevation myocardial infarction

Francisco J. Noriega, Miquel Vives-Borrás, Eduard Solé-González, Joan García-Picart, Dabit Arzamendi, Juan Cinca

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The accuracy of the admission electrocardiogram (ECG) in predicting the site of acute coronary artery occlusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease is not well known. This study aimed to assess whether the presence of multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) modifies the artery-related ST-segment changes in patients with acute coronary artery occlusion. We reviewed the admission ECG, clinical records, and coronary angiography of 289 patients with STEMI caused by acute occlusion of left anterior descending (LAD; n = 140), right (n = 118), or left circumflex (LCx; n = 31) coronary arteries. All patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary reperfusion during the first 12 hours. The magnitude and distribution of artery-related ST-segment patterns were comparable in patients with single (n = 149) and multivessel (n = 140) CAD. Occlusion of proximal (n = 55) or mid-distal (n = 85) LAD artery induced ST-segment elevation in leads V1to V5, but only the proximal occlusion induced reciprocal ST-segment depression in leads II, III, and aVF (p <0.001). Proximal and mid-distal occlusion of right (n = 45 and 73, respectively) or LCx (n = 15 and 16) coronary artery always induced ST-segment elevation in leads II, III, and aVF and reciprocal ST-segment depression in leads V2and V3. ST-segment elevation in lead V6>0.1 mV predicted LCx artery occlusion. In conclusion, patients with STEMI with single or multivessel CAD have concordant artery-related ST-segment patterns on the admission ECG; in both groups, reciprocal ST-segment depression in LAD artery occlusion predicts a large infarct. Subendocardial ischemia at a distance is not a requisite for the genesis of reciprocal ST-segment changes. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)757-764
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume113
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014

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