Prepubertal goat ovaries obtained from a slaughterhouse were used to study the influence of the oocyte collection technique (dissection, aspiration and slicing) on the number of oocytes recovered and their capacity for maturation and fertilization in vitro. The oocytes were recovered using 3 techniques, were selocted for culture and were classified according to the number of cumulus cell layers. The numbers of oocytes selected per ovary were 1.71, 1.27 and 6.05 for dissection, aspiration and slicing, respectively. The percentages of maturation obtained for slicing (56.9%) were lower than those obtained for dissection and aspiration (69.3 and 72.0%, respectively). The proportion of oocytes with the most cumulus cell layers (complete cumulus) was greatest for oocytes recovered by dissection, but this had no influence on their capacity for nuclear maturation. The total percentage of fertilization was similar for oocytes obtained by dissection and by slicing, but the latter yielded a lower percentage of normal fertilization (29.1 vs 18.2%). Of the oocytes obtained by slicing, no difference was observed in the fertilization rate between oocytes with a partial cumulus and a complete cumulus. The decrease in maturation time from 27 to 25.5 and 24 h did not improve the results for fertilization but caused a decrease in the percentage of nuclear maturation. In conclusion, the recovery of oocytes using the slicing technique yielded more oocytes per ovary than dissection or aspiration, although the in vitro fertilization capacity of oocytes obtained by the slicing method was lowr than for oocytes obtained by dissection. © 1994.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1994|
- goat oocyte
- in vitro fertilization
- in vitro maturation