Influence of the Cis ligand on the H-H separation and the rotation barrier of the dihydrogen in osmium-elongated dihydrogen complexes containing an ortho-metalated ketone

Pilar Barrio, Miguel A. Esteruelas, Agustí Lledós, Enrique Oñate, Jaume Tomàs

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Abstract

Treatment of the complex OsH3{C6H4C(O) CH3}(PiPr3)2 (1) with HBF 4·OEt2 in diethyl ether-acetone (2:1) affords the elongated dihydrogen derivative [Os{C6H4C(O)CH 3}(η2-H2){η1-(CH 3)2CO}(PiPr3)2]BF 4 (2), which reacts with NaCl and CsF to give Os{C6H 4C(O)CH3}-X(η2-H2)(P iPr3)2 (X = Cl (3), F (4)). The X-ray diffraction studies on 2 and 4 and DFT calculations on the model complexes OsH3{C6H4C(O)CH3}(PH 3)2 (1t), [Os{C6H4C(O)CH 3}(η2-H2)(H2O)(PH 3)2]+ (2t), and Os{C6H 4C(O)CH3}X(η2-H2)(PH 3)2 (X = Cl (3t), F (4t)) suggest that one of the hydrogen atoms bonded to the osmium atom undergoes a cis electrostatic attraction with the L ligand (L = H (1, 1t), (CH3)2CO or H2O (2, 2t), Cl (3, 3t), F (4, 4t)), which increases in the sequence (CH 3)2CO or H2O < Cl < F < H. This interaction provokes a lengthening of the hydrogen-hydrogen bond and an increase in the rotation barrier of the elongated dihydrogen ligand. Thus, it is observed that the separation between the hydrogen atoms of the dihydrogen decreases in the sequence 1t (1.695 Å) > 4t (1.544 Å) > 3t (1.489 Å) > 2t (1.455 Å), whereas the rotation barrier of the dihydrogen increases in the sequence 2 (<9 kcal·mol-1) < 3 (≅9 kcal·mol-1) < 4 (10.1±0.8 kcal·mol-1) < 1 (13.9±0.3 kcal·mol -1).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3008-3015
JournalOrganometallics
Volume23
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2004

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