A high cell density cultivation protocol was developed for the secretory production of potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor (PCI) in Escherichia coli. The strain BW25113 (pIMAM3) was cultured in fed-batch mode employing minimal media and an exponential feed profile where the specific growth rate was fixed by limitation of the fed carbon source (glycerol). Plasmid loss rates were found to be proportional to the specific growth rate. Distribution of PCI along the cell compartments and the culture media was also dependent on the fixed growth rate. When specific growth rate was kept at μ=0.10h-1, 1.4g PCIL-1 were obtained when adding the product present in periplasmic extracts and supernatant fractions, with a 50% of the total expressed protein recovered from the extracellular medium. This constituted a 1.2-fold increase compared to growth at μ=0.15h-1, and 2.0-fold compared to μ=0.25h-1. Last, a cell permeabilization treatment with Triton X-100 and glycine was employed to direct most of the product to the culture media, achieving over 81% of extracellular PCI. Overall, our results point out that production yields of secretory proteins in fed-batch cultures of E. coli can be improved by means of process variables, with applications to the production of small disulfide-bridged proteins. Overall, our results point out that control of the specific growth rate is a successful strategy to improve the production yields of secretory expression in fed-batch cultures of E. coli, with applications to the production of small disulfide-bridged proteins. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2010|
- Fed-batch cultivation
- Potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor
- Secretory expression in E. coli