The effect of stressor intensity and duration of exposure to the stimuli on adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), somatotropin (GH) and thyrotropin (TSH) concentration in serum was studied in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. The stressors used were noise, restraint in plastic tubes and immobilization on wood boards. The greatest ACTH release was found in immobilized rats and the smallest in noise-exposed animals. The inhibition of GH secretion was related to the intensity of ACTH release in that maximal GH inhibition was observed in immobilized rats and minimal in noise-exposed rats. The TSH response was more complex. Noise increased TSH release at all periods observed (10, 30 and 60 min); the stimulation of TSH release caused by restraint was significant at 30 and 60 min and was always of lesser magnitude than that in response to noise. Finally, immobilization significantly increased TSH levels at 10 min and decreased them at 30 and 60 min. These results suggest that, under appropriate conditions, all hormones studied discriminate between different stressor intensities. However, the complexity of the TSH response to stressors indicates that this hormone is not an adequate index of the stress experienced by the animals. © 1989.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1989|