Infective endocarditis in adult patients with congenital heart disease. Experience from a reference centre

Jose Loureiro-Amigo, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Antonia Pijuan-Domènech, Laura Dos-Subirà, Teresa Subirana-Domènech, Teresa Gonzàlez-Alujas, Juan José González-López, Pilar Tornos-Mas, David García-Dorado, Benito Almirante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica Introduction A growing number of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) will reach adulthood. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a major complication in this population. The aim of this study was to describe the features of IE in adults with CHD treated in a reference centre. Methods A retrospective review was performed on a cohort of patients over 16 years of age with CHD who presented with IE (defined by the modified Duke criteria) between 1996 and 2014. Only the first episode from each patient was considered for the descriptive analysis. Results IE was observed in 27 patients. The median age at diagnosis of IE was 27.7 years, and 63% were male. Comorbidity was low (median Charlson index was 0). IE was mostly community-acquired (78%). The most frequent CHD were ventricular septal defect (33%). A repair was performed in 48% of patients, and 19% received palliative treatment. Forty-one percent of patients had some type of prosthesis. A residual defect was observed in 81%. The IE was detected in the right side of 44% of the patients. The most frequent aetiological agents were viridans group streptococci (41%) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (30%). Surgery was required to treat IE in 37% of patients. There were five re-infections and three relapses. Two patients died, both as a result of recurrence. Conclusions IE in adults with CHD occurred in young patients, and almost all of them carried some prosthetic material or a residual defect. The IE is frequently right-sided. Although surgical treatment was required in many cases, mortality was low, except in the case of relapses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-632
JournalEnfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Prognosis

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