Induction of micronuclei in human sperm‐hamster egg hybrids at the two‐cell stage after in vitro gamma‐irradiation of human spermatozoa

L. Tusell, R. Alvarez, M. R. Caballin, A. Genescà, R. Miró, M. Ribas, J. Egozcue

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The efficiency of the micronucleus test to assess radiation‐induced chromosomal damage in human spermatozoa has been investigated. Micronuclei were scored in human sperm‐hamster egg hybrids at the two‐cell stage, after exposure of human spermatozoa to in vitro gamma‐rays at doses of 0.00, 0.10, 0.25, 0.50, 1.00, 2.00, and 4.00 Gy. The relationship between the yield of micronuclei per two‐cell stage as well as the percentage of two‐cell stages with micronuclei and the different doses of irradiation were fitted to linear equations. To evaluate whether scoring micronuclei is useful for the quantification of chromosomal damage occurring in human spermatozoa, induced micronuclei at the different doses of sperm irradiation were compared to the induction of breaks and fragments in sperm‐derived chromosomes. After interspecific fertilization of zona‐free hamster oocytes by irradiated spermatozoa, a total of 699 fertilized eggs at the two‐cell stage and a total of 387 sperm‐derived complements were analyzed. The incidence of fertilized eggs with micronuclei at the two‐cell stage coincided well with the incidence of sperm‐derived chromosome breaks and fragments (e.g., 8.9% vs. 6.7% in the 0.25 Gy group and 52.8% vs. 58.6% in the 4.00 Gy group). A similar correlation was found between the number of micronuclei per two‐cell stage and the number of breaks and fragments per sperm complement (0.09 vs. 0.07 in the 0.25 Gy group and 0.71 vs. 0.81 in the 4.00 Gy group). The results show that this test system can be used for the quantification of spontaneous or induced chromosomal damage in human spermatozoa. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. Copyright © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-323
JournalEnvironmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995

Keywords

  • gamma‐rays
  • germ cell damage
  • human spermatozoa
  • in vitro irradiation
  • micronuclei

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