The antipsychotic sigma-1 (σ1) receptor ligand E-5842 has been shown to increase micronucleated polychromatic erythrocyte (MNPCE) frequency in mouse bone marrow secondary to compound-induced hypothermia. Interaction with σ1 receptor has been considered a plausible contributing factor for E-5842-induced hypothermia, raising concern for a possible class effect of sigma receptor ligands in the mouse micronucleus (MN) test. We assessed the potential of E-5842 (200 mg/kg, oral) to produce hypothermic conditions associated with increased micronuclei formation in σ1 receptor knockout (σ1R-KO) and wild type (WT) mice. After administration, animal's rectal temperature was recorded and peripheral blood and bone marrow samples were obtained (48 hr) and assessed for induction of micronucleated reticulocytes (MNRET) and MNPCE, respectively. E-5842 administration produced marked hypothermia both in σ1R- KO and WT mice. Maximum decreases from preadministration temperature were 12.2 and 13.5°C in σ1R-KO and WT mice, respectively. Temperature returned to normal approximately 32 hr after administration. Bone marrow examination revealed a statistical significant increase (P < 0.05) in MNPCE frequency both in σ1R-KO and WT animals. Examination of peripheral blood samples showed a slight, although nonstatistical significant, increase in MNRET frequency in σ1R-KO mice. No similar effect was observed among WT animals. The results obtained after E-5842 administration to σ1R-KO mice indicate that induction of hypothermic conditions associated with increased MNPCE formation is not mediated by compound interaction with σ1 receptor, ruling out concern for a possible class effect of similar high affinity σ1 receptor ligands in the mouse MN test. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Journal||Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2008|
- Knockout mice
- Mouse micronucleus
- Sigma receptor