Indicators of success of young people in care in their transition into independent life

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Abstract

The transition to independent living for young people in care requires the design of plans and actions that are initiated in the residential centers and continue after they leave. The aim of this article is to further understand how this transition takes place and how it is seen by those that are involved, in order to establish educational proposals to help them navigate successfully. Information from 21 young people in care in Catalonia and 43 educators were collected from interviews. Quantitative methods have been combined (descriptive and comparative) with qualitative methods, in order to best explain the data. The results show that these young people have a high percentage of failure and school mobility, limited training for employment, job instability and a career of low-skilled jobs. Foster care is perceived as a source of educational opportunity that was not offered to them in their biological home. The factors behind poor academic performances and school failure are: high school mobility, low academic self-esteem, poor motivation, the need to work to support themselves after the age of 18, little or no family support, no spaces available to study and not receiving attention for homework. The actions of guidance made no favor to maintain a link with the education system after the age of 16 years; they are geared towards finding and achieving employment without developing guiding actions aimed at maintaining and progressing in the labor market.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-103
JournalRevista Espanola de Orientacion y Psicopedagogia
Volume26
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Child welfare
  • Professional guidance
  • Residential care
  • Transition to adulthood

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