Independent regulators: Theory, evidence and reform proposals

Francesc Trillas, Miguel A. Montoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss literature and empirical evidence on regulatory independence especially in telecommunications and to suggest reforms of this institution. Design/methodology/approach: The paper comprises a survey of the literature plus new empirical evidence on de facto independence. Findings: The study finds that independence has a positive and significant, but modest, impact on network penetration, once de facto issues and endogeneity are taken into account. Research limitations/implications: De facto independence can only be superficially approached with quantitative methods and the instruments used to correct for endogeneity are far from perfect. Practical implications: Regulatory agencies may find ways to improve their effectiveness. Social implications: The paper provides ideas on how to solve the dilemma between expertise and accountability in the particular field of telecommunications regulation. Originality/value: The paper provides data about the vulnerability of independent regulation in telecommunications in Latin America until 2010. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-53
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013


  • Developing countries
  • Independence
  • Regulation
  • Strategic delegation
  • Telecommunication


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