Independent audiovisual regulators in Spain: A unique case in Europe

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© 2016 (Isabel Fernandez Alonso). This article describes and analyzes the configuration process, characteristic features, and future prospects of the Spanish model of independent audiovisual regulators. This model currently has a national multisectoral regulator (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y de la Competencia), which was created in 2013, and two regional audiovisual regulators, which were created more than a decade ago. This combination of a national multisectoral regulator and regional audiovisual regulators is unlike any other in the European Union.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-376
JournalInternational Journal of Communication
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Independent audiovisual regulators
  • Media policies
  • Spain


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