INDEL length and haplotypes in the β-synuclein gene: A key to differentiate dementia with lewy bodies?

Ana Gámez-Valero, Julia Canet-Pons, Aintzane Urbizu, Ana Anillo, Cristina Santos, Aurelio Ariza, Katrin Beyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Lewy body diseases (LBD) include Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and together with Alzheimer's disease (AD) they show an important neuropathological and clinical overlap. The human alpha- and beta-synuclein genes (SNCA and SNCB) are key factors for the development of Lewy body diseases. Here, we aimed to analyze the genotype distribution of potentially functional SNPs in SNCA and SNCB, perform haplotype analysis for SNCB, and to identify functional insertion and deletion (INDEL) variations within the regulatory region of SNCB which might be responsible for the drastically diminished beta-synuclein levels reported for pure DLB. Thus, we genotyped brain samples from AD, DLB, PD, and healthy controls for two SNCA and four SNCB SNPs. We also analyzed INDEL variations upstream of SNCB, determined SNCB expression levels, and correlated INDEL lengths with expression levels. Applying Fisher's exact, chi-square, ANOVA tests, and the ΔΔCt method, we found disease-specific genotype distribution of SNCA and SNCB SNPs. Additionally, we identified three INDEL variations upstream of SNCB and showed that the INDEL allele lengths were associated with SNCB expression levels. INDEL alleles associated with low SNCB expression were accumulated in pure DLB. Finally, one major and four minor DLB specific SNCB haplotypes were identified with Haploview and Arlequin. In summary, our study showed that different SNCA and SNCB genotypes are associated with the development of either PD or DLB, and that the frequencies of genotypes associated with low SNCB expression are elevated in DLB.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-219
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • INDEL variations
  • Parkinson's disease
  • dementia with Lewy bodies
  • haplotypes
  • α -synuclein gene (SNCA)
  • β-synuclein gene (SNCB)

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