Increased viral load and prevalence of Torque teno sus virus 2 (TTSuV2) in pigs experimentally infected with classical swine fever virus (CSFV)

M. Aramouni, T. Kekarainen, L. Ganges, J. Tarradas, J. Segalés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Torque teno sus viruses (TTSuVs) are considered non-pathogenic viruses, although lately they have been linked to porcine circovirus diseases, mainly with post weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). These associations point out a possible pathogenic role of TTSuVs or, alternatively, that TTSuV replication is up-regulated under disease conditions. In order to further explore the association of TTSuVs with disease occurrence, TTSuVs prevalence and viral load were assessed before and after an experimental infection with a highly pathogenic classical swine fever (CSF) virus (CSFV) isolate. Serum samples from 56 animals were analyzed by means of a real time quantitative PCR (qPCR) for TTSuV1 and TTSuV2 before and after (between 6 and 13 days post-inoculation) the CSFV challenge. Based on the post-infection clinical evolution and immune response against CSFV, the animals were divided into two groups: group I, with protecting immunity against CSFV and no clinical signs at the day of necropsy, and group II, with no detectable immune response against CSFV and moderate to severe clinical signs. TTSuVs qPCR results indicated that TTSuV2 and not TTSuV1 load in serum increased significantly after challenge with CSFV in the group of pigs with clinical signs, specifically in those with a moderate course of the disease. Therefore, this study emphasizes the different behaviour of both TTSuVs, as already found in the PMWS background, and further supports the association of TTSuV2 with disease occurrence. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-84
JournalVirus Research
Volume172
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Anellovirus
  • Classical swine fever
  • Immunosuppression
  • Torque teno sus virus
  • Viral load

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Increased viral load and prevalence of Torque teno sus virus 2 (TTSuV2) in pigs experimentally infected with classical swine fever virus (CSFV)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this