Increased Urinary Erythropoietin Excretion in Severe Sleep Apnea-Hipoapnea Syndrome: The Effect of CPAP

Miquel Félez, Nuria Grau, Antonia Ruiz, Encarna Guardiola, Carles Sanjuas, Cristina Estirado, Maribel Navarro-Muñoz, Antoni Pascual, Mauricio Orozco-Levi, Joaquim Gea

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    © 2017 SEPAR Introduction: Tissue hypoxia stimulates the production of erythropoietin (EPO), the main effect of which is, in turn, to stimulate erythropoiesis. Sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is an entity characterized by repeated episodes of hypoxemia during sleep. Objective: To analyze whether hypoxemia stimulated increased urinary excretion of EPO, and if so, to evaluate if treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can inhibit this phenomenon. Methods: We studied 25 subjects with suspected SAHS who underwent a polysomnography study (PSG). EPO levels in first morning urine (uEPO) and blood creatinine and hemoglobin were determined in all patients. Patients with severe SAHS repeated the same determinations after CPAP treatment. Results: Twelve subjects were diagnosed with severe SAHS (mean ± SD, AHI 53.1 ± 22.7). Creatinine and hemoglobin levels were normal in all subjects. uEPO was 4 times higher in the SAHS group than in the control group (1.32 ± 0.83 vs. 0.32 ± 0.35 UI/l, p <.002). CPAP treatment reduced uEPO to 0.61 ± 0.9 UI/l (p <.02), levels close to those observed in healthy subjects. No dose-response relationship was observed between severity of PSG changes and uEPO values. Conclusions: Patients with severe SAHS show increased uEPO excretion, but this normalizes after treatment with CPAP.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)255-259
    JournalArchivos de Bronconeumologia
    Volume54
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

    Keywords

    • CPAP
    • Erythropoietin in urine
    • Sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome

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