Increased performance of hydrogen production in microbial electrolysis cells under alkaline conditions

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Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. This work reports the first successful enrichment and operation of alkaline bioelectrochemical systems (microbial fuel cells, MFC, and microbial electrolysis cells, MEC). Alkaline (pH = 9.3) bioelectrochemical hydrogen production presented better performance (+117%) compared to conventional neutral conditions (2.6 vs 1.2 litres of hydrogen gas per litre of reactor per day, LH2·L-1REACTOR·d-1). Pyrosequencing results of the anodic biofilm showed that while Geobacter was mainly detected under conventional neutral conditions, Geoalkalibacter sp. was highly detected in the alkaline MFC (21%) and MEC (48%). This is the first report of a high enrichment of Geoalkalibacter from an anaerobic mixed culture using alkaline conditions in an MEC. Moreover, Alkalibacter sp. was highly present in the anodic biofilm of the alkaline MFC (37%), which would indicate its potentiality as a new exoelectrogen.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-62
JournalBioelectrochemistry
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Alkalibacter
  • Alkaline
  • Geoalkalibacter
  • Microbial electrolysis cell (MEC)
  • Microbial fuel cell (MFC)
  • Pyrosequencing

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