Objective: Unplanned acute hospital transfers (AT) from post-acute or long-term care facilities represent critical transitions, which expose patients to negative health outcomes and increase the burden of the emergency departments that receive these patients. We aim at determining incidence and risk factors for AT during the first 30days of admission at an intermediate care and rehabilitation geriatric facility (ICGF). Design and Setting: Prospective cohort study conducted in an ICGF of Barcelona, Spain. Sociodemographics, main diagnostics, and variables of the comprehensive geriatric assessment were recorded at admission. At the moment of AT, suspected diagnostic motivating the transfer was recorded. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the association between admission characteristics and AT. Results: We included 1505 patients (mean age+standard deviation=81.31±7.06, 65.7% women). ATwere 217 (14.4%, 5.64/1000days of stay) resulting in only 81 final hospitalizations (37% of AT), whereas 136 patients returned to ICGF after visiting the emergency department. Principal triggers of AT were cardiovascular, falls/orthopedic, and gastrointestinal problems. Being admitted to ICGF after a general surgery [hazard ratio (HR) 1.88; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-2.94; P<.001], taking 8 or more drugs at admission (HR 1.98; 95% CI 1.37-2.86; P<.001) and living with a partner (HR 1.35; 95% CI 1.01-1.81; P=.05) were independently associated with a higher risk of AT. Conclusions: In our sample, clinical and social characteristics at admission to an ICGF are associated with a higher risk of AT. A relevant proportion of AT is not admitted to the acute hospital, suggesting perhaps some avoidable AT. Identification of risk factors might be relevant to design strategies to reduce AT. © 2014 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.
|Journal||Journal of the American Medical Directors Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|
- Acute hospital transfers
- Intermediate care facilities
- Risk factors