In vivo and in vitro flow cytometry comparative analysis of somatostatin-positive cells in the pineal gland of the neonatal rat

Mercè Viader, Eugènia Mato, Dolors Tugues, Oscar Fomas, Manel Puig-Domingo, Susan M. Webb

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flow cytometry was used for comparative in vivo and in vitro analysis of cell populations staining positively for somatostatin. Experiments were carried out with pineals obtained from neonatal, 8- and 15-day-old rats. Pineal cells were obtained by dispersion with collagenase and then processed in a flow cytometer or maintained in culture for 1 or 2 weeks. Identification of somatostatin-immunopositive cell populations was performed using a polyclonal somatostatin antibody and confirmed by indirect immunostaining of cytospun smears with the avidin-biotin-peroxidase method. In vivo, the percentage of somatostatin-positive cells was 60.6 ± 4% in neonatal pineals and declined to 22.2 ± 11 % in 15-day-old animals (p < 0.04). The density of peptide immunostaining decreased in 8-day-old animals but recovered to the neonate levels in 15 day-old animals; homogeneity in the immunopositive population increased with age. Maintenance in culture for 1 week resulted in an increase in positive somatostatin staining in animals of 8 and 15 days with no changes in neonates; however, after 2 weeks of culture, the percent of immunopositive cells decreased from 53.3 ± 6 to 12.2 ± 4% in the older animals and remained unchanged in neonates. We conclude that somatostatin is found in pinealocytes and shows a declining pattern during the perinatal period; this probably implies that the peptide plays a paracrine role important for cell differentiation in these young animals, since maximal cellularity and a high mitotic index occur within the first 3 days of life, and pineal cell differentiation is completed before the end of the third week of extrauterine life. © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-87
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995

Keywords

  • Flow cytometry
  • Pineal
  • Rat
  • Somatostatin

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