Follicular cumulus-enclosed goat oocytes were matured in vitro in the presence of granulosa cells, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol-17β. While 86% of the oocytes from follicles 2 to 6 mm in diameter achieved meiotic maturation, only 24% of the oocytes from follicles 1 to 2 mm in diameter progressed to Metaphase II. Exposure of follicle-enclosed cumulus-oocyte complexes to 20°C prior to culture resulted in 11.5% of the oocytes exhibiting abnormal meiotic spindle. This indicated that immature goat oocytes are particularly sensitive to temperature. Ejaculated spermatozoa were capacitated according to the technique previously proposed for ram sperm (1). The fertilization rates of ovulated and mechanically denuded in vitro-matured oocytes were 85 and 82.8%, respectively; 59.7% of ovulated and 57.1% of in vitro-matured oocytes were normally fertilized, as shown by the presence of both the female and the male pronucleus as well as by the remnants of the sperm tail in the ooplasm, 17 hours after insemination. Polyspermy was the main abnormality detected, and it affected almost 20% of the inseminated oocytes. The cleavage rate (two to fourcell stage) 41 hours after insemination of in vitro-matured and fertilized oocytes was 58%. © 1992.
- goat oocyte