In Vitro and in Vivo validation of EP2-Receptor Agonism to Selectively Achieve Inhibition of Mast Cell Activity

Judith Plaza, Rosa Torres, Adrian Urbano Sanchez, César Picado, Fernando De Mora Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Agonism of the prostaglandin E2 receptor, E-prostanoid receptor 2 (EP2), may represent an alternative protective mechanism in mast cell (MC)-mediated diseases. Previous studies have suggested that activation of the MC EP2 receptor prevents pathological changes in the murine models of allergic asthma. This work aimed to analytically validate the EP2 receptor on MCs as a therapeutic target. Methods: Murine MC lines and primary cultures, and MCs bearing the human immunoglobulin E (IgE) receptor were subjected to IgE-mediated activation subsequent to incubation with selective EP2 agonists. Two molecularly unrelated agonists, butaprost and CP-533536, were tested either in vitro or in 2 in vivo models of allergy. Results: The diverse range of MC populations was consistently inhibited through selective EP2 agonism in spite of exhibiting a heterogeneous phenotype. Such inhibition occurred in both mouse and human IgE (hIgE)-mediated activation. The use of molecularly unrelated selective EP2 agonists allowed for the confirmation of the specificity of this protective mechanism. This effect was further demonstrated in 2 in vivo murine models of allergy where MCs are a key to pathological changes: Cutaneous anaphylaxis in a transgenic mouse model expressing the hIgE receptor and aeroallergen-induced murine model of asthma. Conclusions: Selective EP2 agonism is a powerful pharmacological strategy to prevent MCs from being activated through IgE-mediated mechanisms and from causing deleterious effects. The MC EP2 receptor may be an effective pharmacological target in allergic and other MC-mediated conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-728
Number of pages17
JournalAllergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Asthma
  • IgE
  • Inflammation
  • Mast cell
  • Prostaglandin E receptor 2
  • Prostaglandin E2

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