Impulsive Personality Traits Predicted Weight Loss in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes after 3 Years of Lifestyle Interventions

Giulia Testa, Lucía Camacho-Barcia, Carlos Gómez-Martínez, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Rafael de la Torre, Xavier Pintó, Dolores Corella, Roser Granero, Aida Cuenca-Royo, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Nancy Babio, Rebeca Fernández-Carrión, Virginia Esteve-Luque, Laura Forcano, Jiaqi Ni, Mireia Malcampo, Sara De las Heras-Delgado, Montse Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Fernando Fernández-Aranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Impulsivity has been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and may negatively impact its management. This study aimed to investigate impulsive personality traits in an older adult population with T2D and their predicting role in long-term weight control and glycemic management, through glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), following 3 years of intervention with a Mediterranean diet. The Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P) was administered as a measure of impulsive traits at baseline. Results showed higher total baseline scores of UPPS-P, and higher positive urgency in individuals with T2D, compared with those without T2D. The regression analysis in patients with T2D showed that sensation seeking and lack of perseverance predicted weight loss at follow-up. By contrast, impulsive traits did not predict follow-up levels of HbA1c. In conclusion, the present findings suggest that higher impulsive traits in individuals with T2D seem to affect long-term weight control, but not glycemic control
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of clinical medicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2022

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