Improving the energy product of hard magnetic materials

J. Sort, S. Suriñach, J. S. Muñoz, M. D. Baró, J. Nogués, G. Chouteau, V. Skumryev, G. C. Hadjipanayis

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111 Citations (Scopus)


A route toward enhancing the energy product (BH)max of permanent magnetic materials, at room temperature, based on ferromagnetic-(FM-) antiferromagnetic (AFM) exchange interactions has been developed. The exchange coupling, which is induced by ball milling hard magnetic SmCo5 with AFM NiO powders, results in an enhancement of coercivity HC and squareness ratio MR/MS (remnant-saturation magnetizations), which depends on the FM:AFM ratio and the processing conditions. However, the presence of the AFM in the composite results also in a competing effect, i.e., reduction of the overall saturation magnetization, which decreases (BH)max. Nevertheless, it has been found that after an optimization of the FM:AFM ratio and the milling conditions it is possible to achieve an improvement of (BH)max.
Original languageEnglish
Article number174420
Pages (from-to)1744201-1744205
JournalPhysical Review B-Condensed Matter
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2002


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