Improving protein delivery of fibroblast growth factor-2 from bacterial inclusion bodies used as cell culture substrates

Joaquin Seras-Franzoso, Karl Peebo, Elena García-Fruitós, Esther Vázquez, Ursula Rinas, Antonio Villaverde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Bacterial inclusion bodies (IBs) have recently been used to generate biocompatible cell culture interfaces, with diverse effects on cultured cells such as cell adhesion enhancement, stimulation of cell growth or induction of mesenchymal stem cell differentiation. Additionally, novel applications of IBs as sustained protein delivery systems with potential applications in regenerative medicine have been successfully explored. In this scenario, with IBs gaining significance in the biomedical field, the fine tuning of this functional biomaterial is crucial. In this work, the effect of temperature on fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) IB production and performance has been evaluated. FGF-2 was overexpressed in Escherichia coli at 25 and 37 C, producing IBs with differences in size, particle structure and biological activity. Cell culture topographies made with FGF-2 IBs biofabricated at 25 C showed higher levels of biological activity as well as a looser supramolecular structure, enabling a higher protein release from the particles. In addition, the controlled use of FGF-2 protein particles enabled the generation of functional topographies with multiple biological activities being effective on diverse cell types. © 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1354-1359
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014


  • Drug delivery
  • Inclusion bodies
  • Nanomedicine
  • Protein release
  • Surface functionalization


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