Improvements in subcutaneous fat, lipid profile, and parameters of mitochondrial toxicity in patients with peripheral lipoatrophy when stavudine is switched to tenofovir (LIPOTEST Study)

Esteban Ribera, José Carlos Paradiñeiro, Adria Curran, Silvia Sauleda, Elena García-Arumí, Eva Castella, Carolina Puiggròs, Manuel Crespo, Maria Feijoo, Marjorie Diaz, Sara Villar del Saz, Merçè Planas, Delia Sureda, Vicenç Falcó, Imma Ocaña, Albert Pahissa

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Lipoatrophy is the most stigmatizing side effect of stavudine therapy. We assessed the long-term effects of replacing stavudine with tenofovir in HIV-infected patients with lipoatrophy. Method: Prospective switch study. Sixty-two clinically stable patients with antiretroviral therapy (ART) containing stavudine, HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL, and lipoatrophy at least in the face on physical examination were included. All patients switched from stavudine to tenofovir without changing any other drug. Objective (malar ultasonography, bioelectrical impedance analysis) and subjective measures of lipoatrophy were assessed. Results: Median age at baseline was 40 years, 44 patients (71%) were male, and median time on stavudine was 4.8 years. Median malar fat thickness increased 0.8 mm (25%) 24 months after switching. Total fat mass increased 3.9 kg (21%). Plasma lactate levels decreased significantly, mainly in patients with baseline hyperlactatemia (from 3.05 to 1.19 mmol/L). Significant improvement in total cholesterol (-12%), triglycerides (-31%), and total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio (-11%) was observed at Month 24. Conclusions: In this study, switching from stavudine to tenofovir maintained durable virologic suppression when the HAART regimen included a protease inhibitor or a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, led to a slow improvement of lipoatrophy, and improved the lipid profile and lactate levels with excellent tolerability. These results support the proactive change of stavudine to tenofovir. © 2008 Thomas Land Publishers, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-417
JournalHIV Clinical Trials
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2008

Keywords

  • HIV infection
  • Lipodystrophy
  • Mitochondrial toxicity
  • Stavudine
  • Switch study
  • Tenofovir

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