Improvement of erythropoiesis in beta-thalassemic mice by continuous erythropoietin delivery from muscle

D Bohl, A Bosch, A Cardona, A Salvetti, JM Heard

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55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

beta-Thalassemias are highly prevalent genetic disorders that can cause severe hemolytic anemia. The main pathophysiologic feature of beta-thalassemia is the accumulation of unpaired cu-globin chains in erythrocyte precursors and red blood cells (RBCs), This accumulation alters cell membrane function and results in early cell destruction and ineffective erythropoiesis, Correction of globin chain imbalance through the induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) synthesis is a tentative therapeutic approach for this class of diseases. In short-term in vitro or in vivo assays, recombinant human erythropoietin increases the frequency of erythroid precursors programmed to HbF in humans and to beta-minor globin in mice, In contrast, long-term treatment of beta-thalassemic patients did not induce HbF significantly, We took advantage of highly efficient adeno-associated virus-mediated (AAV-mediated) gene transfer into mouse muscle to induce a robust and sustained secretion of mouse erythropoietin in beta-thalassemic mice, which represent a suitable model for human beta-thalassemia intermedia. A 1-year follow-up of 12 treated animals showed a stable correction of anemia associated with improved RBC morphology, increased beta-minor globin synthesis, and decreased amounts of alpha-globin chains bound to erythrocyte membranes, More effective erythropoiesis probably accounted for a reduction of erythroid cell proliferation, as shown by decreased proportions of circulating reticulocytes and by reduced iron 59 (Fe-59) incorporation into erythroid tissues. This study indicates that the continuous delivery of high amounts of autologous erythropoietin induced a sustained stimulation of beta-minor globin synthesis and a stable improvement of erythropoiesis in the beta-thalassemic mouse model
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2793-2798
JournalBlood
Volume95
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

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