Improvement in bone mineral density after switching from tenofovir to abacavir in HIV-1-infected patients with low bone mineral density: Two-centre randomized pilot study (OsteoTDF study)

Eugènia Negredo, Pere Domingo, Núria Pérez-Álvarez, Mar Gutiérrez, Gracia Mateo, Jordi Puig, Roser Escrig, Patricia Echeverría, Anna Bonjoch, Bonaventura Clotet

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© The Author 2014. Background: Tenofovir has been associated with a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD). However, data on changes in BMD after discontinuing tenofovir are lacking. Methods: We performed a two-centre randomized pilot study in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients receiving tenofovir with osteopenia/osteoporosis (OsteoTDF study, ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT 01153217). Fifty-four patientswere randomly assigned to switch from tenofovir to abacavir (n = 26) or to continue with tenofovir (n = 28). Changes in lumbar and total hip BMD were evaluated at Week 48 from baseline. Results: Five patients discontinued the study (three from the tenofovir group and two from the abacavir group). No significant differences were detected between the groups at Week 48 (P = 0.229 for total hip and P = 0.312 for lumbar spine). However, hip BMD improved by 2.1% (95% CI -0.6 to 4.7) (P = 0.043) in the abacavir group and 0.7% (95% CI -0.9 to 2.4) (P = 0.372) in the tenofovir group. Lumbar spine BMD varied by -0.7% (95% CI -3.8 to 3.3) (P ≤ 0.001) in the abacavir group and -1.2% (95% CI -3.8 to 0.4) (P < 0.001) in the tenofovir group. Conclusions: Switching from tenofovir to abacavir led to a slight improvement in femoral BMD although no differences were detected between groups. Larger studies are necessary before firm recommendations can be made on the discontinuation of tenofovir in patients with a low BMD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3368-3371
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume69
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • DXA scan
  • HIV-infected patients
  • Osteoporosis
  • Virologically suppressed

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