Imported infectious diseases in tertiary hospital

N. Rius Gordillo, A. Martín Nalda, S. Otero Romero, P. Soler-Palacín, E. Sulleiro Igual, M. Espiau Guarner, A. Fernández-Polo, C. Figueras Nadal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction An Imported Diseases Clinic was created in the hospital in 2009. The aim of this study was to asses its contribution in terms of capacity, quality of care and teaching offered. Patients and methods A retrospective study was conducted from 2009 to 2011, analyzing: A) development of knowledge by means of protocols and publications created, and subject taught; B) capacity and quality of care offered by the analysis of patients seen, the adequacy of the protocols and accessibility. The patients were classified into 3 groups. Group 1: immigrant patient screening, group 2: patient consultation after tropical or sub-tropical travel, group 3: screening of vertical transmission of imported disease. Results Six protocols have been developed and disseminated on the unit website, as well as 5 scientific publications. A total of 316 patients were evaluated: 191 included in group 1 (29 Adopted and 162 Immigrants), 57 in group 2 (94.7% Visiting Friends and Relatives and 81.5% without a pre-travel consultation). They consulted due to, gastrointestinal symptoms (52.6%) and fever (43.8%), with 68 included in group 3 at risk of imported disease by vertical transmission (62 Trypanosoma cruzi, 1 Human T Lymphotropic Virus and 5 Plasmodium spp.). The overall adherence to the protocols was about 77.1%. Discussion Infectious Diseases Units must adapt to the reality of the population and be flexible in its structure. Periodic assessment of the quality of care offered is essential, as well as an evaluation on the need for additional studies. © 2013 Asociación Española De Pediatría.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-76
JournalAnales de Pediatria
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Immigrants
  • Neglected diseases
  • Travel
  • Vertical infectious diseases transmission

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