Importance of the oxyl character on the IrO2 surface dependent catalytic activity for the oxygen evolution reaction

Danilo González, Javier Heras-Domingo, Mariona Sodupe, Luis Rodríguez-Santiago, Xavier Solans-Monfort*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxygen evolution reaction catalyst optimization is hindered because in the desirable acidic conditions the sole active catalysts are RuO2 and IrO2. Thus, the understanding of the factors controlling the reactivity of these materials is mandatory. In this contribution, DFT (PBE-D2) periodic calculations are performed to analyze the catalytic activities of the main ((1 1 0), (0 1 1), (1 0 0) and (0 0 1)) IrO2 surfaces. Results show that the reaction only occurs if the Ir=O species on the surfaces exhibit an oxyl character. The water nucleophilic attack mechanism is the most favorable pathway on the (1 1 0), (1 0 0) and (0 0 1) surfaces. In contrast, for the (0 1 1) facet the oxo-coupling is preferred. The required overpotentials for the four IrO2 surfaces depend on the feasibility to oxidize the Ir-OH to Ir-O species and this is tuned by the coordination of the unsaturated iridium sites: the (1 0 0) and (0 0 1) surfaces appear to be more active than the (1 1 0) and (0 1 1).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-201
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume396
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • DFT
  • IrO
  • Metal-oxyl species
  • Oxygen evolution reaction

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