Importance of abiotic hydroxylamine conversion on nitrous oxide emissions during nitritation of reject water

Aina Soler-Jofra, Berber Stevens, Maaike Hoekstra, Cristian Picioreanu, Dmitry Sorokin, Mark C.M. van Loosdrecht, Julio Pérez

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    35 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 Elsevier B.V. The spontaneous abiotic (or chemical) reaction of hydroxylamine (NH2OH) at low concentrations (<0.4mgN/L) with free nitrous acid (HNO2) was investigated at the conditions of partial nitritation of reject water. An abiotic batch reactor test was used to quantitatively assess the kinetics of the nitrous oxide (N2O) emission. The estimated chemical N2O emission rate was 0.16mgN/L/h. In addition, the concentration of NH2OH in a full scale nitritation reactor, Single reactor High Activity ammonium Removal over Nitrite (SHARON) was measured in the range ca. 0.03-0.11mgN/L. The presence of NH2OH in the SHARON reactor together with the abiotic N2O emissions rate (assessed in the abiotic batch reactor test) points towards a significant contribution of the abiotic N2O emission in the full scale reactor. An equivalent emission factor (N emitted as N2O/N oxidized in nitritation) of 1.1% was estimated to be linked to the abiotic pathway, which is around one third of the total measured N2O emission rate in the SHARON reactor.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)720-726
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume287
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

    Keywords

    • Abiotic N O emissions 2
    • Ammonium-oxidizing bacteria
    • Chemical reaction
    • NH OH 2
    • Partial nitrification
    • Sidestream

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