© 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel. Objectives: The impact of pulmonary artery catheterization (PAC) on survival in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) is not well established. This study aimed to assess whether Swan-Ganz catheter monitoring is related to short- and long-term mortality in patients with CS. Methods: One hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients with a first admission for CS were prospectively enrolled in a single-center registry between December 2005 and May 2009, and were subsequently followed up over 5.3 years. Results: PAC was used in 64% of all patients with a mean age of 68 years (65% men). After adjustment for age, gender and the presence of CS upon admission, PAC was associated with lower short-term mortality [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.35-0.86, p = 0.008] as well as lower mortality rates in the long-term follow-up (HR = 0.63, 95% CI 0.41-0.97, p = 0.035). In a subgroup analysis, the use of PAC was associated with reduced mortality in patients without acute coronary syndrome (ACS), i.e. 49% in the Swan-Ganz group vs. 82% (p = 0.010), but there was no difference within the ACS group. Conclusions: The use of PAC in patients with CS was associated with lower short- and long-term mortality rates after adjustment for age, gender and the presence of shock upon admission. This benefit was only significant in those patients without ACS.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2016|
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Cardiogenic shock
- Pulmonary artery catheterization