Impact of Plant Invasion and Increasing Floods on Total Soil Phosphorus and its Fractions in the Minjiang River Estuarine Wetlands, China

Wei Qi Wang, Jordi Sardans, Cong Sheng Zeng, Chuan Tong, Chun Wang, Josep Peñuelas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015, Society of Wetland Scientists. Plant invasion and increased flooding intensity projected by climate change models can change the soil capacity of marine wetland to store P. This is a key question to the nutrient balances and eutrophication processes of coastal areas, especially in China coastal area that is receiving the freshwaters of a country in fast economical developing process. We studied the impact of changes in flooding intensity and plant invasion on total soil-P concentrations in the Minjiang River estuarine wetland. Flooding had a weak positive effect on soil P-fractions concentrations, but this effect was largely counteracted by the negative effect of salinity. Soil clay concentration and pH, both of which were related more with species community composition than with flooding intensity, were directly related to the P-fraction concentrations. The replacement of the native mangrove community by the invasive plant Phragmites australis was related to a decrease in the soil capacity to store P. A suitable management to maintain this wetland area in optimum conditions to act as a natural eutrophication buffer should tend to favor mangrove communities in the new areas that reach more than 220 days y-1 of flooding, and a combination of the three tall-grasses communities below this level of flooding.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21-36
    JournalWetlands
    Volume36
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

    Keywords

    • Clay
    • Cyperus malaccensis
    • Flooding
    • Invasive plants
    • Mangrove
    • N:P
    • Phragmites australis
    • Scirpus triqueter
    • Soil P
    • Soil P fractions
    • Soil pH
    • Soil texture

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