Impact of oxidative stress on oocyte competence for in vitro embryo production programs

Sandra Soto Heras, M. Teresa Paramio Nieto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Producing high-competent oocytes during the in vitro maturation (IVM) is considered a key step for the success of the in vitro production (IVP) of embryos. One of the known disruptors of oocyte developmental competence on IVP is oxidative stress (OS), which appears due to the imbalance between the production and neutralization of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The in vitro conditions induce supraphysiological ROS levels due to the exposure to an oxidative environment and the isolation of the oocyte from the follicle protective antioxidant milieu. In juvenile in vitro embryo transfer (JIVET), which aims to produce embryos from prepubertal females, the oocytes are more sensitive to OS as they have inherent lower quality. Therefore, the IVM strategies that aim to prevent OS have great interest for both IVP and JIVET programs. The focus of this review is on the effects of ROS on oocyte IVM and the main antioxidants that have been tested for protecting the oocyte from OS. Considering the importance that OS has on oocyte competence, it is crucial to create standardized antioxidant IVM systems for improving the overall IVP success.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)342-350
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Science http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2013.04.009
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Embryo development
  • Free radicals
  • Juvenile in vitro embryo transfer
  • ROS
  • in vitro maturation
  • INTRACELLULAR GLUTATHIONE LEVEL
  • PORCINE OOCYTES
  • OXYGEN-TENSION
  • ENHANCES DEVELOPMENTAL COMPETENCE
  • BOVINE OOCYTES
  • L-ASCORBIC-ACID
  • MOUSE OOCYTES
  • CUMULUS CELLS
  • PREPUBERTAL GOAT OOCYTES
  • HUMAN FOLLICULAR-FLUID

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