Impact of medication adherence on mortality and cardiovascular morbidity: Protocol for a population-based cohort study

Maria Giner-Soriano, Gerard Sotorra Figuerola, Jordi Cortés, Helena Pera Pujadas, Ana Garcia-Sangenis, Rosa Morros

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Abstract

© Maria Giner-Soriano, Gerard Sotorra Figuerola, Jordi Cortés, Helena Pera Pujadas, Ana Garcia-Sangenis, Rosa Morros. Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels, such as coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral artery disease. CVD is the leading threat to global health, whether measured by mortality, morbidity, or economic cost. Long-term administration of aspirin, statins, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers improves survival in patients with stablished coronary heart disease. Nevertheless, adherence to prescribed medication is poor for long-term drug treatment. Objective: We aim to assess the relationship between adherences to the four pharmacological groups recommended for secondary prevention and the clinical outcomes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with established CHD according to the level of adherence to these drugs in a population of incident cases of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: Population-based cohort study of patients with a first episode of ACS during 2006-2015 in the Information System for Research in Primary Care (SIDIAP) database. We will estimate adherence to these drugs. The primary endpoint is a composite of all-cause mortality, ACS, and ischaemic stroke. Bivariate analyses will be performed estimating odds ratios for categorical variables and mean differences for continuous variables. Hazard ratios for adherences will be calculated for outcome events using Cox proportional hazard regression models, and proportionality of hazards assumption will be tested. Results: We expect to estimate adherence to all four study treatments, the incidence of MACE, and to analyze if this incidence is associated with the level of drug adherence. Conclusions: We expect to find that adherent patients have a lower risk of the primary endpoints compared with nonadherent patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere73
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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