Impact of Lateglacial cold events on the northern Aegean region reconstructed from marine and terrestrial proxy data

Ulrich Kotthoff, Andreas Koutsodendris, Jörg Pross, Gerhard Schmiedl, André Bornemann, Christian Kaul, Gianluca Marino, Odile Peyron, Ralf Schiebel

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    48 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Marine palynomorph data paired with other indicators of sea-surface hydrography (planktic foraminiferal assemblages and oxygen isotopes) were used to decipher the impact of cold events on the northern Aegean region during the last glacial to interglacial transition. The data, which were derived from marine sediment cores GeoTü SL152 and GeoTü SL148, point to a strong impact of the Heinrich 1 and Younger Dryas cold events on surface-water conditions in the northern Aegean Sea. Shifts in marine palynomorph assemblages correlate with changes in terrestrial vegetation and climate (i.e. precipitation and temperature reconstructions based on pollen assemblages) in the northern borderlands of the Aegean Sea. The climate responses of the Aegean region to Heinrich event 1 (H1, ca. 17.5 to ca. 15.7cal ka BP) and Younger Dryas (ca. 12.6 to ca. 11.7cal ka BP) events appear similar in magnitude (with mean annual temperatures between ∼6 and 10°C and mean annual precipitation between ∼300 and ∼450mm). However, the annual temperature decline during the H1 relative to the preceding already cold conditions was minor (<3°C). The transition from the relatively warm and humid local equivalent of the Allerød interstadial to the Younger Dryas, on the other hand, witnessed an annual temperature decline of 6°C and an annual precipitation decrease of 300mm, the latter occurring abruptly within only ca. 150 a. The return to warmer conditions in the northern Aegean region after the Younger Dryas was completed at ca. 11.6cal ka BP. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)86-96
    JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
    Volume26
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

    Keywords

    • Eastern Mediterranean
    • Heinrich event 1
    • Land-sea correlation
    • Lateglacial
    • Temperature changes
    • Younger Dryas

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