Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown in Eating Disorders: A Multicentre Collaborative International Study

Isabel Baenas, Mikel Etxandi, Lucero Munguía, Roser Granero, Gemma Mestre-Bac, Isabel Sánchez, Emilio Ortega, Alba Andreu, Violeta L. Moize, Jose Manuel Fernández-Real, Francisco J. Tinahones, Carlos Diéguez, Gema Frühbeck, Daniel Le Grange, Kate Tchanturia, Andreas Karwautz, Michael Zeiler, Hartmut Imgart, Annika Zanko, Angela FavaroLaurence Claes, Ia Shekriladze, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Raquel Cecilia-Costa, Teresa Rangil, Maria Eulalia Loran-Meler, José Soriano-Pacheco, Mar Carceller-Sindreu, Rosa Navarrete, Meritxell Lozano, Raquel Linares, Carlota Gudiol, Jordi Carratala, Maria T. Plana, Montserrat Graell, David González-Parra, José A. Gómez-Del Barrio, Ana R. Sepúlveda, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Paulo P.P. Machado, Anders Håkansson, Ferenc Túry, Bea Pászthy, Daniel Stein, Hana Papezová, Jana Gricova, Brigita Bax, Mikhail F. Borisenkov, Sergey V. Popov, Denis G. Gubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background. The COVID-19 lockdown has had a significant impact on mental health. Patients with eating disorders (ED) have been particularly vulnerable. Aims. (1) To explore changes in eating-related symptoms and general psychopathology during lockdown in patients with an ED from various European and Asian countries; and (2) to assess differences related to diagnostic ED subtypes, age, and geography. Methods. The sample comprised 829 participants, diagnosed with an ED according to DSM-5 criteria from specialized ED units in Europe and Asia. Participants were assessed using the COVID-19 Isolation Scale (CIES). Results. Patients with binge eating disorder (BED) experienced the highest impact on weight and ED symptoms in comparison with other ED subtypes during lockdown, whereas individuals with other specified feeding and eating disorders (OFSED) had greater deterioration in general psychological functioning than subjects with other ED subtypes. Finally, Asian and younger individuals appeared to be more resilient. Conclusions. The psychopathological changes in ED patients during the COVID-19 lockdown varied by cultural context and individual variation in age and ED diagnosis. Clinical services may need to target preventive measures and adapt therapeutic approaches for the most vulnerable patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100
Number of pages14
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19 Isolation Eating Scale (CIES)
  • COVID-19 lockdown
  • Eating disorders
  • Eating symptoms
  • Psychological impact

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