Impact of Asthma on the Sexual Functioning of Patients. A Case-Control Study

José Gregorio Soto Campos, Josefa Rojas Villegas, Alicia Padilla Galo, Nuria Marina Malanda, Juan Luis Garcia Rivero, Celia Pinedo Sierra, Mercedes Garcia Salmones, Carmen Cabrera Galán, Esperanza Segura Molina, Vicente Plaza, Silvia Pascual Erquicia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

© 2017 SEPAR Introduction Sexual limitations play an important role in the quality of life of patients with chronic diseases. Very limited information is available on the impact of asthma on the sexual functioning of these individuals. Materials and methods Cross-sectional, observational, multicenter study. Asthma patients and healthy individuals were recruited. All subjects participated in an interview in which demographic and clinical data were recorded, and completed the Goldberg Anxiety-Depression Scale (GADS) to evaluate the presence of concomitant psychiatric disease. Men also completed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), and women, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Results A total of 276 cases were included, comprising 172 asthma patients (63 men and 109 women) with a mean age of 42 (± 14) years, and 104 controls (52 men and 51 women) with a mean age of 39 (± 12) years. Time since onset of asthma was 15 years and severity distribution was: 6.4% intermittent, 17.9% mild persistent, 47.4% moderate, and 28.2% severe. Disease was considered controlled in 57.7%, partially controlled in 28.2%, and uncontrolled in 14.1%. Women with asthma had greater sexual limitations than women in the control group, with a total FSFI score of 22.1 (± 9) compared to 26.5 (± 6.8), respectively (P <.005). Men with asthma had significantly more severe erectile dysfunction with a total IIEF score of 59.5 (± 12.5) compared to 64.3 (± 8.2) in male controls (P <.05). An association was also observed between sexual problems and poorer asthma control. Conclusions Asthma is associated with a poorer sexual quality of life among patients. These results should arouse the interest of healthcare professionals in detecting and alleviating possible sexual limitations among their asthma patients in routine clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-674
JournalArchivos de Bronconeumologia
Volume53
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Quality of life
  • Sexual functioning

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