IL-6 regulates exercise and training-induced adaptations in subcutaneous adipose tissue in mice

C. Brandt, A. H. Jakobsen, H. Adser, J. Olesen, N. Iversen, J. M. Kristensen, P. Hojman, J. F.P. Wojtaszewski, J. Hidalgo, H. Pilegaard

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Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that IL-6 regulates exercise-induced gene responses in subcutaneous adipose tissue in mice. Methods: Four-month-old male IL-6 whole body knockout (KO) mice and C57B wild-type (WT) mice performed 1h of treadmill exercise, where subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) was removed either immediately after, 4h or 10h after exercise as well as from mice not running acutely. Moreover, AT was sampled at resting conditions after 5weeks of exercise training. Results: AT leptin mRNA decreased immediately after a single running exercise bout in both genotypes and returned to baseline within 10h of recovery in IL-6 KO mice, but not WT mice. Leptin mRNA content decreased in WT and increased in IL-6 KO mice with training, but without significant alterations in leptin protein. Acute exercise induced a decrease in the AT TNFα mRNA content in WT, but not in IL-6-KO mice, while training lowered resting levels of TNFα mRNA in both genotypes. In addition, an exercise-induced decline in AT PPARγ mRNA content was absent in IL-6 KO mice and in line training increased PPARγ mRNA only in IL-6 KO mice. Conclusion: The present findings indicate a role of IL-6 in regulating exercise- and training-induced leptin and PPARγ expression in adipose tissue. In addition, while IL-6 is required for TNF-α mRNA reduction in response to acute exercise, IL-6 does not appear to be mandatory for anti-inflammatory effects of exercise training in adipose tissue. © 2011 Scandinavian Physiological Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-235
JournalActa Physiologica
Volume205
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • AMPK
  • Gene regulation
  • Leptin
  • TNFα

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    Brandt, C., Jakobsen, A. H., Adser, H., Olesen, J., Iversen, N., Kristensen, J. M., Hojman, P., Wojtaszewski, J. F. P., Hidalgo, J., & Pilegaard, H. (2012). IL-6 regulates exercise and training-induced adaptations in subcutaneous adipose tissue in mice. Acta Physiologica, 205, 224-235. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.2011.02373.x