Ideology and community social psychology: Theoretical considerations and practical implications

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    This paper addresses the importance of the concept of ideology in community work. The implications of a Marxist approach to ideology in community practice are analyzed in terms of the concepts of problematization (P. Freire, 1979) and consciousness-raising (J. Barreiro, 1976), illustrating the point with some examples. The traditional Marxist perspective is also examined in relation to the perspectives of social constructionism (I. Ibáñez, 1996), cultural studies (A. McRobbie, 1992), post-Marxism (E. Laclau & C. Mouffe, 1985), and feminism (D. Haraway, 1991). It is argued that the concepts of hegemony and habitus (P. Bourdieu, 1985) can be useful to community social psychology theory and practice. A "situated perspective" - in which it is possible to dialogue from different "subject positions," and articulate transformation and political action - is argued. The implications of this shifting in the concept of ideology by means of theoretical developments outside social community psychology can help to define the external (outside) agent's position in community practice.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)511-527
    Number of pages17
    JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2002


    • Consciousness-raising
    • Ideology
    • Problematization
    • Situated perspective


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