Identifying factors influencing attention in adolescents with a co‐created questionnaire: A citizen science approach with secondary students in Barcelona, Spain

Florence Gignac, Caterina Solé, Jose Barrera‐gómez, Cecilia Persavento, Èlia Tena, Mónica López‐vicente, Jordi Júlvez, Jordi Sunyer, Digna Couso, Xavier Basagaña*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies on factors that can influence attention in healthy adolescents are recent and focus on recurrent topics. Students’ contribution to public health research often revolves around collecting data but rarely around creating data collection instruments. The ATENC!Ó project reunited secondary students and scientists to create a questionnaire including factors that students thought could affect their attention. We conducted a cross‐sectional study to assess whether the factors included in this questionnaire had an effect on attention in adolescents. A total of 1667 students (13–16 years old) from 28 schools in Barcelona performed a validated attention test and answered the questionnaire. The response speed consistency (attentiveness), expressed as hit reaction time standard error (HRT‐SE, in ms), was used as the primary outcome. Analyses were conducted using conditional linear regression with school as strata, adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics and further stratified by gender and maternal social class. Some factors showed a negative influence on attention, including taking medication and not reading regularly. We found a significant 14.3% (95% confidence interval: 3.4%, 25.3%) higher median of HRT‐SE (increase inattentiveness) among students who reported not having a good relationship with classmates. Students’ input into research is relevant for advancing the knowledge production in public health.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8221
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Attention
  • Citizen science
  • Public health
  • Questionnaire design
  • Secondary education

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