The chicken insulin-like growth factor (IGF)1 and IGF2 genes have been partially sequenced in six individuals of each of two chicken strains of the Black Penedesenca breed (PN and MN). These two strains are genetically diverse for growth traits. Sequence alignment revealed the existence of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) (IGF1-SNP1, IGF2-SNP2, and IGF2-SNP3). These three SNP and a fourth IGF1 polymorphism (IGF1-SNP4) were typed in 60 individuals from each strain by using PCR-RFLP or primer extension analysis. No significant associations among these four SNP, growth traits, and plasma IGF1 concentration were identified. In contrast, suggestive associations (P ≤ 0.05) were found between IGF1-SNP1 and average daily gain at 107 d and feed efficiency at 44, 73, and 107 d. However, these associations were not simultaneously found in both strains suggesting that they might have been produced by linkage disequilibrium with another mutation located in the IGF1 locus or another linked gene. Since the PN and MN strains differ very markedly on their feed intake, the chicken leptin gene was included in the sequence analysis. Unfortunately, attempts to amplify several regions of this gene were unsuccessful. Even when primers complementary to highly conserved regions were used, the PCR consistently failed. Other authors have reported similar problems when trying to amplify avian leptin sequences.
- Insulin-like growth factor
- Single nucleotide polymorphism