Identification of novel differentially expressed genes by the effect of a high-fat n-6 diet in experimental breast cancer

Eduard Escrich, Raquel Moral, Gemma García, Irmgard Costa, Josep Anton Sánchez, Montserrat Solanas

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In previous studies, we demonstrated that high corn oil diets promote the development of 7,12-dimethylbenz(α)anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary tumors. In this study, we have investigated whether modulation of gene expression is one of the mechanisms by which this high-fat diet exerts such effects. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were induced with DMBA and fed normolipidic (3% corn oil) or high-fat (20% corn oil) diet. Screening of genes differentially expressed in adenocarcinomas from the high corn oil diet group compared to the control diet group was performed with cDNA microarrays. The resulting six upregulated and nine downregulated genes were validated by Northern blot and/or reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Further investigation in a higher number of adenocarcinomas showed that in the high-fat n-6 diet group, where the tumor phenotype was verified to be more aggressive, the expression of submaxillary gland α-2u globulin, vitamin D 3 -upregulated protein 1 (VDUP1), H19, and the unknown function gene that codifies the expressed sequence tag (EST)-Rn.32385 was significantly decreased in comparison with the control group (C). These results, together with the fact that VDUP1, H19, and this globulin have been associated with cell proliferation and differentiation, open a new line of research about how the underexpression of these genes contributes to the stimulating effect of a high corn oil diet on experimental mammary carcinogenesis. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004


  • Breast cancer
  • DMBA
  • Gene expression
  • High-fat n-6 diet
  • cDNA microarrays


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