To characterize meiotic anomalies in infertile men by multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) and to determine whether synaptic problems affect specific bivalents or whether anomalies are random. Analysis of meiotic preparations with standard techniques and M-FISH. Assisted reproduction centers and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Three fertile men undergoing vasectomy, four sterile patients with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, and one patient with a Robertsonian translocation t(13;14). Unilateral testicular biopsy in controls and patients with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia and collection of a semen sample from the translocation carrier. Identification of bivalents in metaphase I and chromosomes in metaphase II and characterization of chromosome abnormalities. All bivalents in metaphase I and all chromosomes in metaphase II could be identified. In controls and in one patient with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, meiosis was normal. Other patients with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia showed different types of anomaly: desynapsis, breaks, precocious XY separation, or cryptic reorganizations. The Robertsonian translocation t(13;14) was easily identified. Results confirm the high incidence of synaptic errors in oligoasthenoteratozoospermia patients. Bivalents in metaphase I and chromosomes in metaphase II were individually identifiable. Nondisjunctional errors or small reorganizations overlooked in classic meiotic preparations were identified. Synaptic anomalies seem to affect meiotic bivalents at random. © 2004 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
|Journal||Fertility and Sterility|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sept 2004|
- chromosome reorganizations
- multiplex FISH
- synaptic anomalies