Identification of a single nucleotide polymorphism at intron 16 of the caprine Acyl-Coenzyme A: Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) gene

Antonella Angiolillo, Marcel Amills, Baltasar Urrutia, Anna Doménech, Yolanda Sastre, Bouabid Badaoui, Jordi Jordana, Armand Sanchez Bonastre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The DGAT1 gene encodes a microsomal enzyme that catalyses the only committed step in triacylglycerol synthesis by joining diacylglycerol and fatty acyl coenzyme A. In cattle, a K232A substitution in the DGAT1 molecule has a significant effect on enzyme activity and milk fat content. The prominent role of this gene in lipid metabolism led us to undertake the structural characterization of DGAT1 in goats. In this way, we have sequenced a 1552 bp fragment of the goat DGAT1 cDNA, which encompasses most of the coding sequence (from exon 1 to 17), and a genomic fragment covering exons 12 to 17. Multiple alignment of the goat DGAT1 sequences revealed the existence of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) involving a T to C substitution at intron 16. We optimized a primer extension based genotyping method that allowed us to determine that the C variant is a minority allele with frequencies ranging from 0.062 (Murciano-Granadina) to 0.109 (Malagueña). This SNP, although not expected to have any functional effect, might be useful as a genetic marker in association studies to detect additional DGAT1 polymorphisms which might influence fat milk content and other traits of economic interest. © Proprietors of Journal of Dairy Research 2006.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-51
JournalJournal of Dairy Research
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2007

Keywords

  • Acyl-coenzyme A: diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1
  • Goat
  • Polymorphism

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