Identification of a new HLA-DRB1 allele (DRB1*0318) in three members of a Caucasian spanish family

M. G. Ercilla, A. Guardia, B. Suárez, M. T. Arias, V. Fabregat, M. Costa, I. Salinas, Jaume Martorell, J. Vives, F. Lozano, Maria Assumpcio Bosch Merino

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4 Citations (Scopus)


This communication reports the identification of a new allele HLA-DRB1*03 in three members of a Caucasian Spanish family. The new allele has been officially named HLA-DRB1*0318 by the World Health Organization Nomenclature Committee. The exon 2 sequence of this new allele is identical to that of DRB1*03011 except for the first nucleotide of codon 45. The nucleotide change (C replacing G) leads to the amino acid substitution of glycine to arginine (GGG→CGG) at position 45. This position of the β1 domain shows very little polymorphism among DRB1* alleles (nucleotide changes at this position have only been reported for DRB1*1436 and DRB1*0105) and locates in the vicinity of the highly polymorphic position 47, which is a constituent of the groove's pocket interacting with the amino acid position 7 of the antigen peptide. The familial study showed that the new allele was maternally transmitted into the HLA-A*3002, -B*1801, -Cw*0501, -DRB1*0318, -DRB3*0202, -DQB1*0201 haplotype. Interestingly, the two siblings of the family, which were HLA identical and suffered of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), were carriers of the two HLA haplotypes (DRB1*03/DQB1*0201 and DRB1*04/DQB1*0302) reported as susceptibility markers to IDDM in Caucasians.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-491
JournalTissue Antigens
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001


  • HLA-DRB1*03 alleles
  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • Sequence-based typing


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